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Scientific Journal Quartile-Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4 based on Journal Impact Factor

The CiteScore or journal impact factor of a journal is used to establish its quartile-Q, which reflects how many times articles from that journal have been referenced in other scientific publications over a given time period. The journal impact factor is used to classify research journals into quartiles-Q. Journals are classified into four fairly equal groups based on bibliometric indicators
  1. Q1 covers the most prestigious publications in the field of research with the most citations, publishing the research papers in such journals is seen as a major accomplishment for researchers.
  2. Q2 includes journals with somewhat low journal impact factor but nevertheless of excellent quality that are very influential among research or Ph.D. scholars.
  3. Q3 publications are high-ranking and significant articles that can be used to achieve practically any scientific purpose. These are the most popular publications among research scholars since they have a high enough ranking for the majority of scientific goals.
  4. Q4 comprises journals with low-impact factors, which are frequently new to the database. Publication in such journals is also beneficial to the researcher's image. But, these journals were only recently added to the database.

Identification of Q1 Journals or Q2 journals

To identify whether a journal falls into the Q1 or Q2 journal category, check the SCOPUS and Web of Science bibliographic databases. A journal's impact factor must be in the top quartile(first 25%) among publications in the same scientific field of research to be designated as Q1. In other words, a journal is Q1 only if its impact factor is in the highest quartile relative to its value. In general, a Q1 journal has a relatively high impact factor. For confirmation, one should examine a journal's impact factor in bibliographical databases like Web of Science or Scopus to see if it belongs to Q1 journals. The journal's impact factor must be in the first half (first 50%) of journals publishing in the same scientific field in order for them to be categorized as Q2 journals.

Q3 and Q4 Research Journals

By understanding which journals are best for the research papers and target audience is crucial when deciding whether to publish in Q3 or Q4 journals. Additionally, it's critical to confirm that the journal is respected in the area of research and is not a predatory publisher looking to profit from works that haven't undergone true peer review. Last but not least, it should be understood that appearing in a Q3 or Q4 journal does not automatically imply that the work is worthless or will not be noticed. The research work may receive attention even from lesser-known journals if it presents novel and significant findings and may serve as a springboard for further research and publishing.
Quartile of SCOPUS
  • Utilize Scopus' "Sources" section. The user is then sent to a page that contains all of the base journals.
  • To search for the journal, choose the filters, such as the area of research. Additionally, choose the minimum number of citations, documents, sources, and quartiles.
Scopus database quartile in Scimago
The Country Rank and Scimago Journal also provides access to the Scopus quartile data.
  1. Enter the journal's name, ISSN, or publisher's name.
  2. Choose a journal.
  3. To learn more about the journal and its indicators, click on the page. A table describing the quartile metric may be found at the bottom.
It’s good to notice the quartile indicators in Scimago and SCOPUS may differ in some circumstances. This is due to the peculiarities of computing metrics on different platforms. This raises the question of which direction researchers should take. The answer is in the publication requirements. Most of the time, it will define which platform's metrics to use. Previously, Scopus quartile scores were calculated with SJR and then transmitted to the Scimago service.
Quartile of the Web of Science (WoS)
JCR(Journal Citation Reports) can be used to establish the WoS journal's quartile. This is a separate site where information on journal indicators is presented. Use the search function.  Then, select the Rank tab and get more information about the journal. The impact factor of the journal determines the quartile ranking in the Web of Science database. To be eligible, a journal must be included in the Web of Science Core Collection which are SSCI(Social Sciences Citation Index) or SCIE(Science Citation Index Expanded). Journals may have multiple quartile scores. This type of journal publishes material on a wide range of topics. The Journal "International Journal of Performance Arts and Digital Media" is an excellent example, as it contains two quartiles for two separate areas Q2 for Communication (Social Sciences) and Q1 for Visual Arts and Performing Arts (Arts and Humanities). It is also applicable for double-indexed journals. The indicators will change based on the database. It’s better to use the quartiles found in the official records of international databases which are Web of Science(SCI journals(SCIE), SSCI and AHCI) and SCOPUS rather than those found on the journal's website. Unfortunately, scientific publications have been known to break publication ethics on occasion. Predatory publishers and clone publications produce incorrect information on scientometric indicators. As a result, it is critical to double-check the facts with authoritative sources.

Scientific Journal Quartile in UGC List

GoToppr’s research team expertise can help the scholars publish in any quartile of journals in Web of Science or SCOPUS based on the University requirements and these quartile journals will also be in the UGC list as it will come under the Group II category in the UGC list.


In order to obtain the information, it must have access to the database.
  • Go to the Journal Citation Reports portal and search for the publication title.
  • Locate the button "Get Full Report" and navigate to the journal's information page. The division "Rank" points to the page, which contains details about the journal's quartile. There the details related to the dynamics of publication activity.

  1. Visit and log in to the Scimago website.
  2. Search for the journal's title and select the appropriate one from the results.
  3. Go to its page and look for the table with data on its quartiles after the journal's qualities.

Publishing research papers in Q3 or Q4 may have the following advantages:
  1. In terms of pricing, such publications are more accessible to authors.
  2. They are ideal for releasing their initial works.
  3. They may be more specialized and relevant, and they are appropriate for reaching basic scientific aims.

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